According to statistics, the law enforcement makes about 12,200,000 (Twelve Million Two Hundred Thousand) arrests, every year, throughout the United States
The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world, including pre-trial detainees or convicted people. About 2,500,000 (Two Million, Five Hundred Thousand) people are incarcerated in the United States.
Considering the fact that the United States has only 5% of the World’s Population, it has about 25% or 1 in 4 prisoners in the world. Majority of these prisoners are from poor segments of the society, who cannot afford a competent lawyer to defend their constitutional rights and obtain justice.
The relationship between race, arrests and convictions is grossly disproportional. The incarceration rate of African-Americans is more than three times higher than their proportional population. In other words, the incarceration of Black Males is over six times higher than that of Caucasian males.
Research suggests that the main reasons for this bias are socioeconomic factors and racial discrimination by the law-enforcement, jury, judges and the entire criminal justice system, itself.
According to a 2009 report Hispanic Americans are also grossly victims of injustice. In 2007, for instance, Hispanics "accounted for 40% of all sentenced federal offenders: more than triple their share (13%) of the total U.S. adult population". This was an increase from 24% in 1991. As expected the data imply a much stronger tie between racial, national origin discrimination, poverty and criminal convictions.
While, racial bigotry and poverty are the main causes of most miscarriages of justice in the United States, we should not lose sight of the fact that our justice and penal system are slowly delegated, by our various levels of federal and state governments, to the private corporations.
One of such corporations is CoreCivic. This Multi-Billion-Dollars corporation was founded in 1983 in Nashville Tennessee by Thomas W. Beasley; a lawyer, who served as the chairman of the Tennessee Republican Party from 1977 to 1981.
This for profit corporation, which originally was called, Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) owns and/or operates jails and prisons under contract with federal, state and local governments.
In fact, Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) designs, builds, manages and operates correctional facilities and detention centers for the Federal Bureau of Prisons, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the United States Marshals Service, as well as state and county facilities across the United States.
Moreover, Federal contracts for correctional and detention facilities generated up to 51% of Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) revenues in 2015.
On August 18, 2016, Deputy U.S. Attorney General Sally Yates, who was one of first officials to be fired by Trump, announced that the Justice Department intended to end its Bureau of Prisons contracts with for-profit prison operators.
She gave the following reasons for the cancellation: "...the facilities are both less safe and less effective at providing correctional services... they compare poorly to our own Bureau facilities. They simply do not provide the same level of correctional services, programs, and resources; they do not save substantially on costs. The rehabilitative services that the Bureau provides, such as educational programs and job training, have proved difficult to replicate and outsource and these services are essential to reducing recidivism and improving public safety.”
In other words, a corporation, which its sole purpose for existence is to make money, would cut any possible corners to make more profit. In order to continue and expand this profitable venture, these corporations spend vast amounts on lobbying, and political sponsorships to make sure all of their beds are filled at the cost of Justice itself.