The induced and artificial expulsion of embryo, which terminates the pregnancy by various means, including: medical surgery, before the fetus can survive on its own outside the uterus. Traditionally until 1973 abortion was considered a crime (by the mother and the physician, nurse or anyone else, who performed such) unless it was performed to protect the life of the mother. However, the United States’ Supreme Court ruled in the case of Roe v. Wade (1973) that a woman had the right to choose abortion to end a pregnancy through the first trimester (three months) of gestation. In the latter stages of pregnancy, danger to the life of the mother could still justify a legal abortion. As usual political pandering has turned abortion into a polarizing and much debated issue. Appointment of anti-abortion Supreme Court judges by Reagan and Bush, have not over-turned the basic Wade case rule.
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