Under the United States Immigration Law, Eb-2 is referred to as the second preference, Employment-based Immigrant Visa (Green Card or Permanent Residency Status).
This type of Employment-based Immigrant Visa consists of three categories:
Jobs that require Advanced Degrees
The EB-2 applicant must apply for a job that requires an advanced degree. To be eligible for such jobs, the job seeker must have a Bachelors degree or equivalent plus 5 years “progressive work experience” in the field.
Moreover, the applicant must be a member of that profession.
The EB-2 applicant must show exceptional ability in the sciences, arts, or business. Exceptional ability “means a degree of expertise significantly above that ordinarily encountered in the sciences, arts, or business.”
National Interest Waiver
The EB-5 applicant must show that he/she should be eligible for waiver of Labor Certification, because his/her services are in the interest of the United States.
Although there is not a specific list of jobs, which qualify for a national interest waiver, generally, people who have exceptional abilities are granted such a waiver.
Those seeking a national interest waiver can petition on their own behalf. Thus they do not need an employer to sponsor them.
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