In the United States, two federal agencies of National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulate all private and public aviation. They also investigate all aviation accidents. The FAA delineates the standards for pilot qualifications and conduct, flight operations, aircraft manufacturers, and enforces the rules and regulations for civil and criminal liabilities. The NTSB is in charge of investigating every civil aircraft accident; determining the causes of accidents and recommending measures to prevent such accidents in the future.
While, the circumstances, which cause an aviation accident leading to injury or death do vary; generally, the legal theories of negligence, product liability, or some combination of the two could define the rights and responsibilities of parties involved.
Since, aviation industry is regulated by NTSB and FAA, federal rules and regulations may also impact a personal injury claim; the standards of care owed to the victim and the potential compensation awarded to the victim of an aviation accident.
Aviation Litigation is very complex, which could involve many laws in State and Federal Levels, as well as the International Law. There could be several potential defendants and a number of different courts to choose from.